The first irrigation should be given, just after the transplanting of seedling on the ground. The selected high-quality seedling of coconut should be transplanted on the field as sooner as the monsoon start while growing coconut under irrigation conditions, the plantation should be carried out at least three to four week before starting of monsoon. The following are some famous dwarf coconut cultivar, which is highly praised for high yielding capacity. Fill the prepared pit with little topsoil and well rotten farmyard manure, at about 50 cm depth before planting or transplanting the seedling on the field. such as rock within 2 meters from the surface is also required for coconut farming. Choosing your coconut trees properly is an important first step before the coconut seeding and planting process. For manuring and fertilizing in coconut cultivation, used the different types of organic manures such as farmyard manure, compost, bone meal, neem cake, groundnut cake, blood meal, fish meal, etc. It also removes the wrinkles, age spots, and also provide protection sun. The following are some famous dwarf coconut cultivar, which is highly praised for high yielding capacity. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. However, below is a table showing the avg yield of various variety or cultivars. As we know that palm tree thrives their best under some preferred conditions such as there should not be any hard sub up to a depth of 2 meters and the soil should have good water holding capacity with proper drainage. Coconuts are an excellent source of energy and have great application in our life. The challenge actually comes from the tree either leaning on the house or from things falling right on to the house, or people walking below etc. It is used in the production of hair oil, various kinds of soaps, cosmetic goods, etc. Title: PHILLIPINE COCONUT AUTHORITY Author: PCA Created Date: 9/15/2010 4:38:11 PM So, add about 30 to 40 kg of organic manure depending on the soil fertility and productivity to each of the palms at every year in the beginning of monsoon. Coconut farming or coconut production business is really fun providing profitable. Coconut Farming: Planting Distance & Cultivation Technology…. Remove the plastic bag and … Average temperature needs to be 75 degrees minimum. Goat Farming Business Plan ,Profit and Guide, Aloe Vera Farming Business Plan ,Profit and Guide, Vermicompost Project, Process and Preparation Guide, Terrace (Step) farming Inca; Advantages and Disadvantages, Mushroom Farming Commercial Business, Cultivation ,Procedure, Quail Farming For Egg & Meat Production for Beginners, Pomegranate Farming Cultivation Information Guide, Sandalwood [Chandan] Tree Cultivation Business Plan, Dairy Farming Business Plan Guide & Information, How to Start Dairy Farming Business Plan | Guide & Information, Guava Farming Planting, Spacing & Cultivation Techniques. In addition to this, the coconut oil has wide application in manufacturing cosmetic goods. You can plant coconut trees by leaving a gap of 5 to 6 feet from the edges and approximately 16-feet gap between two trees. Make sure that 1/3 of the coconut sticks out of the soil. Aloe Vera Farming Benefits,Plant Irrigation,Information…. However, for coconut production, drip irrigation is the best suitable and most convenient way of irrigation. You may be interested in Growing Lavender, Planting, Care, Harvesting. 30 x 30 x 90 cm (1 x 1 x 3 ft) at a spacing of 8 x 8 m (30 x 30 ft) apart on the square. In the coastal and sandy soils, irrigate the adult palm by using the sea water. Fruit tree planting distances guide This guide helps you to calculate the distances you should allow between your fruit trees. 3 Give your coconut tree plenty of water and sunlight. Also, try to give frequent irrigation to this crop for the 1st two years of the seedling plantation on the field during hot and dry months. The major pests and insects of coconut palm include the following: Rhinoceros beetleRed palm weevilSlug CaterpillarBlack-headed caterpillarEriophyid Mite of CoconutCockchafer beetleCoreid bugMealybugsWhite grubTermiteRats.Controlling Measure: For controlling measure of pests and insects in palm suitable remedial should be adopted when required.Coconut Diseases And Their Management. Fill the prepared pit with little topsoil and well rotten farmyard manure, at about 50 cm depth before planting or transplanting the seedling on the field. The kernel of coconut, commonly known as copra is eaten for its energy boosting feature and the excellent medicinal value. Staking is done to ease in locating where the tree will be planted. Make basins of palm in such a way that it have 15 to 20 cm depth and diameter of 3.5 meters. The selection of a proper site for coconut farming plays an important role in the fruit production. Keep growing coconuts!. However, following is a table showing recommended spacing for the various coconut planting system. Water should be given to the base or basins of palm. Dig a cubical holes measuring 50-100 m wide and 50-100 cm deep for clay soil type. These two are dwarf cultivar and tall cultivar. 5 x 10 meters = 200 plants/ha. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. These nuts are mostly cultivated by the coastal and nearby region throughout the whole world. However, a spacing of 7.5 to 10 m is practiced in various coconut growing regions of the country. 13.9K views View 2 Upvoters Whereas growing coconut in a region with inadequate rainfall and uneven distribution rainfall, regular irrigations are required. The coconut production plays an important role in the economy of the world and has acquired a place in the agriculture. Also, the harvesting frequency also depends on the palms yield. Coconut palms grow well in sandy areas near beaches as well as in the home landscape. However, for coconut production, drip irrigation is the best suitable and most convenient way of irrigation. Your email address will not be published. Ensure enough moisture supply either through irrigation or through rainfall, well distributed throughout the year before starting coconut plantation.Always avoid shallow soils, underlying hard rock for planting coconut.Also, avoid low lying areas and clayey soils in which water stagnation problem occurs frequently.Planting Material. The seedlings were raised from only selected seed nuts of coconut for healthy growth rate and optimum production. However, the optimum temp requirement for healthy plant growth and food production is 22° C to 32 ° C along with more than 60 relative humidity. Coconut is a palm which is able to grow throughout the whole year under various climate and weather conditions. For Hybrid and high yielding palms: Under Irrigated condition:3 months old 1/10 of full dose 490 220 280 180 3351 year old 1/3 of full dose 1625 720 930 600 11102 year old 2/3 of full dose 3250 1450 1850 1200 22203 year old and later full dose 4880 2170 2780 1800 3330Note: The manuring requirements of palm may vary if there is any deficiency in the soil. Usually, harvesting should be done at their tender age for water purpose. Plant along the contour on sloping lands. After planting into the pit, fill it with the topmost soil and press it well to avoid the water stagnation problem. Liyanage and Dassanayake (1993) suggest that in future replanting or new planting programmes avenue planting system should be … The seedlings were raised from only selected seed nuts of coconut for healthy growth rate and optimum production. Generally, planting should be done of only 10 to 12 months old raised seedlings. i have heard that dicot trees tend to damage the house & its foundation if placed too close ! In Sri Lanka (Anon. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. The coconut palm is referred to as 'Kalpavriksha' - the 'tree of heaven' as each and every part of the palm is useful to mankind in one way or other. That’s all folks about the cultivation of hybrid coconut and planting methods. It not only saves water but also saves the energy and labor. The major diseases of coconut palm include the following: Stem BleedingBud RotLeaf rotRoot (wilt) diseaseMahaliThanjavur wiltCrown chockingGrey Leaf SpotLeaf blightTatipaka DiseaseControlling Measures: Learn the symptoms of all of the mentioned above diseases of coconut palm and adopt a suitable controlling measure for controlling them as sooner they appear in the field.Harvesting Coconut. Coconut can grow over a wide range of soil such as loamy, coastal, sandy, laterite, clayey, alluvial, including the reclaimed soils of marshy & low lands. Use wider spacing when intercropping with tree crops such as citrus, cocoa or mango. Generally, an adult coconut palm needs water about 800 liters in an interval of seven days. After planting into the pit, fill it with the topmost soil and press it well to avoid the water stagnation problem. For dwarf and Pandan coconut cultivars the planting distance are 7.25 m x 6.25 m x 5.93 meter with planting density of 220 plants/ hectare. Note: The manuring requirements of palm may vary if there is any deficiency in the soil. Frequent irrigations are essential in hot summer months because the lower moisture content of soil used to lower down the nut production, especially in the long dry spell and unevenly distributed rainfall. However, the optimum temp requirement for healthy plant growth and food production is 22° C to 32 ° C along with more than 60 relative humidity. Lauric acidLinoleic acidCapric acidCaprylic acidCaproic acidOleic acid &Myristic acidUnsaturated fatty acids, Poly-phenolsBetainesEthoxylatesEthanolamideFatty polysorbatesFatty ChloridesFatty EstersFatty alcohol sulfateFatty alcohol ether sulfateIronMonoglyceridesPolyol EstersVitamin E andVitamin KClimate & Soil Requirements For Coconut Farming. However, for planting in the low-lying region, the transplantation of seedling should be carried out after the end of monsoon. The number of coconuts for hybrid coconut tree shall give 250 coconuts per tree per year leading to an annual production of 1 to 17,000 coconuts per acre. Dig the planting hole to the same depth as the palm's nursery pot and twice as wide. This will accommodate 177 palms per hectare. The rambutan tree is usually grown in tropical climates and its health benefits are truly immense! For growing this palm plants on the elevation, they can be grown up to 600 meters above MSL. Always avoid shallow soils, underlying hard rock for planting coconut. Then after, the irrigation should be carried out on the basis of palm requirements. So, once the irrigation started in palm garden, it should be continued at regular interval and systematically. Climate & Soil Requirements For Coconut Farming, Chowghat Dwarf Orange (Superior in yield over all others), Selection of Suitable Site for Coconut Plantation. The yield of coconut palms depends on the selected variety, soil type, irrigation facility, weather, climate condition, application of manure and fertilizers along with farm management skills, practices during the cultivation. Whereas growing coconut in a region with inadequate rainfall and uneven distribution rainfall, regular irrigations are required. Have a soil test, before starting the coconut farming. Whereas for laterite soils having underlying rocks, the pit size should be 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter X 1.25 meter. However, for planting in the low-lying region, the transplantation of seedling should be carried out after the end of monsoon. such as rock within 2 meters from the surface is also required for coconut farming. Even the husk of coconut is also used widely by the sizable coir industry. For commercial cultivation, there are more than 10 hybrids of coconut are created which have high yielding capacity when cultivation is done under preferred climate condition, soil and with good farm management skills are practiced. Some trees are small and delicate, while others are forces of nature that whisper to the angels. The following are some famous tall coconut cultivar, which is highly praised for high yielding capacity. This is even more important when it comes to perennial tree crops such as coconuts, since once the coconut palm is planted it becomes a 25 to 30 year-long commitment. Put Sevidol 8G @5gm per each pit before transplanting to minimize the chances of white-ant attack. For manuring and fertilizing in coconut cultivation, used the different types of organic manures such as farmyard manure, compost, bone meal, neem cake, groundnut cake, blood meal, fish meal, etc. 1989) the Coconut Research Institute has undertaken trials with a hedge planting system of 30 × 18 feet (9.14 × 5.48 m) and an avenue system of 10 × 5 m or 200 trees ha-1 in the drier parts of the Intermediate Zone (Liyanage and Dassanayake, 1993). Shading is also required as a basic necessity for the transplanted seedlings. Water should be given to the base or basins of palm. So, leave some distance from the house, at least 2m and if you have space, more. At this stage, seedlings have about 5 fo 8 leaves with collar girth around 10 cm. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Moringa oleifera is a fast growing tree and a drought resistant tree as well. The spacing in coconut planting or plantation varies according to the system of coconut planting, and soil type. Coconut palm is mainly propagated through seedlings. Preparation of Holes and Planting. Choose an appropriate location for your coconut palm, where the tree will see full sun during the daylight hours. So, add about 30 to 40 kg of organic manure depending on the soil fertility and productivity to each of the palms at every year in the beginning of monsoon. Dear Dave . The planting distance for tall variety are 8.5m x 6.5 meter distance (row-to-row and Field drain and 7.5 meter distance (in a row) or distance from palm to palm giving 178 plants /hectare. For pure stand planting, prepare large size planting holes. Even the husk of coconut is also used widely by the sizable coir industry. The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants. For planting coconut on loamy soils having a low water table, an avg pit size of 1 meter X 1 meter X 1 meter is recommended. At this stage, seedlings have about 5 fo 8 leaves with collar girth around 10 cm. Also, avoid low lying areas and clayey soils in which water stagnation problem occurs frequently. Laccadive OrdinaryBenaulimAndaman OrdinaryLaccadive MicroPhilippinesJavaTipturCochin-ChinaTallKappadamKomadanCoconut Plantation and Production, Selection of Suitable Site for Coconut Plantation. It will take your seedling around three to six months to appear. The water requirement of palms varies in accordance with the soil type, climate and weather conditions. In addition to this, the coconut oil has wide application in manufacturing cosmetic goods. Within a one year of transplanting seedlings, the coconut palm becomes ready for harvesting after the spathe opening. The selected high-quality seedling of coconut should be transplanted on the field as sooner as the monsoon start while growing coconut under irrigation conditions, the plantation should be carried out at least three to four week before starting of monsoon. Space the trees approximately 20 feet apart to allow proper light filtration between the palms. However, it is also possible to grow coconut palm up to an elevation of 1000 meters above MSL. One can easily create a good income by growing coconut with good farm management skills to obtain maximum fruit production. For coconut cultivation in low-lying areas, form mounds at a height of one meter above from the water level whereas for the slopes and terrains, counter terracing cultivation should be practiced. Usually, harvesting should be done at their tender age for water purpose. Also, for the sandy soils, the pit size should be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter. You have entered an incorrect email address! The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants. Coconut palm is mainly propagated through seedlings. Selecting your coconut tree. When planting an area, the initial number of trees per acre are estimated by seedling spacing. Have a soil test, before starting the coconut farming. Land preparation also plays an important role in the yield or nut production. Shading is also required as a basic necessity for the transplanted seedlings. Then, make a small pit in this so that the plant seedling along with nut can accommodate in it. Space them so that they are at least 1m within your fencing. how much space do you need between trees in Minecraft? The economic life of dwarf coconut cultivar is shorter than the tall cultivar of coconut. Frequent irrigations are essential in hot summer months because the lower moisture content of soil used to lower down the nut production, especially in the long dry spell and unevenly distributed rainfall. This is a tool that is dug next to your tree, or placed inside the pot that allows you to water the plant directly at the root source. In Coconut Farming, spacing depends upon the planting … The presence of water within 3 meters and absence of any hard sub. This will helps in the better establishment of seedling on the field before heavy rains. Also, for the sandy soils, the pit size should be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter. Lay-outing and Planting Triangular system of planting coconut is recommended with rows laid out in a north-south direction. As the coconut tree is propagated by seed, they are subjected to some variations which can be distinguished in the trees, fruit… Coconut farming or coconut cultivation is followed in about more than 90 countries all over the world. Distance of Planting. Coconut palms can be classified according to the size and stature of the palm, and are referred to as Talls and Dwarfs. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Coconut Farming Guide, Process and Profit Introduction, The kernel or nut of coconut is full of water, a great thirst quencher all over the world. The spacing in coconut planting or plantation varies according to the system of coconut planting, and soil type. Coconut is a palm which is able to grow throughout the whole year under various climate and weather conditions. Detailed Information & Guide…. Also, for the sandy soils, the pit size should be not more than 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter X 0.75 meter. The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants because which it is known as ‘mother of all oils”. For coconut cultivation in low-lying areas, form mounds at a height of one meter above from the water level whereas for the slopes and terrains, counter terracing cultivation should be practiced. Prawn Farming | Cultivation. The selection of a proper site for coconut farming plays an important role in the fruit production. The spacing in coconut planting or plantation varies according to the system of coconut planting, and soil type. The container needs to be around 12 inches (30.5 cm.) It provides food, drink, fuel and timber. The scientific and botanical name of coconut is Cocos nucifera which belongs to the family “Arecaceae (Palm family)”  and to the genus “Cocos”. Dwarf cultivars of coconut are also small in height in comparison to the tall coconut cultivar. Coconut palms are the heavy feeder that is manuring is essential from the 1st year of planting on the field to obtain a higher nut production. One can easily create a good income by growing coconut with good farm management skills to obtain maximum fruit production. There are two kinds of coconut cultivar or hybrid are available in the world. 1111 Begin planting at the start of the rains. Application of Manure And Fertilizers in Coconut Farming, Coconut palms are the heavy feeder that is manuring is essential from the 1st year of planting on the field to obtain a higher nut production. For planting coconut on loamy soils having a low water table, an avg pit size of 1 meter X 1 meter X 1 meter is recommended. For growing this palm plants on the elevation, they can be grown up to 600 meters above MSL. In pentagonal type of planting, seedlings are placed in such a way that one plant is planted in centre and four plants at a distance of eight feet in all four directions. Also, try to give frequent irrigation to this crop for the 1st two years of the seedling plantation on the field during hot and dry months. When planting a mango tree near a house or other trees, consider the mature size of the tree. There are two kinds of coconut cultivar or hybrid are available in the world. However, following is a table showing recommended spacing for the various coconut planting system. Spacings are primarily determined by the vigour of the rootstock you are using - from very-dwarfing rootstocks which produce very small trees, to … Coconut with good farm management skills to obtain good fruit coconut tree planting distance nut production young... Well-Distributed rainfall throughout the whole year under various climate and weather conditions type, climate and weather conditions,! The field before heavy rains pot and twice as wide inadequate rainfall and uneven distribution rainfall, well throughout! 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Were raised from only selected seed nuts of coconut is a palm which is able to grow Pineapples?..! Meters from the edges and approximately 16-feet gap between two trees this stage, seedlings about... Trees properly is an important role in the coastal and nearby region throughout the year starting! Foundation if placed too close space, more leaves of the nursery pot and set in! Throughout the year ranging from 175 cm to 225 cm is also used widely by the coastal and nearby throughout. And minerals and can even aid in weight loss whisper to the system of coconut, move the container to!, consider the mature size of the coconut farming to obtain good fruit and production... Most convenient way of irrigation high yielding capacity fruits are packed full of vitamins and minerals can! The better establishment of seedling should be continued at regular interval and systematically plants on the interval... Growth and excellent food yield the free radicals which are beneficial in provides protection against degenerative disease this, harvesting... Trees per acre are estimated by seedling spacing enough moisture supply either through irrigation through! Palm by using the sea water coconut point side down and leave of... By growing coconut in a region with inadequate rainfall and uneven distribution rainfall, regular are! With rows laid out in a well-maintained coconut orchard, bunches produced frequently protection! 50-100 cm deep for clay soil type trees do not uproot the seedlings... To damage the house & its foundation if placed too close small in height comparison. Tree near a house or other trees, the coconut palm becomes ready for after... The whole year under various climate and weather conditions the edges and approximately 16-feet gap between two.... The kernel of coconut for healthy growth rate and optimum production degenerative disease the system of coconut planting plantation. Improves insulin secretion and treats symptoms of diabetes best suitable and most way! It depends grown trees do not uproot the young seedlings shallow soils, the pit size of 3 ’ 3... Health benefits are truly immense 8 meter X 9 meter harvesting should be collected at various intervals time... Food yield for clay soil type soils which have good water-holding capacity along with nut can accommodate it! Is anti-viral, anti-fungal, antibacterial, and soil type, climate and weather.... Side coconut tree planting distance and leave one-third of the nursery pot and set it in the summer ). A means of shade to them in the production of hair oil, various kinds of soaps, goods. Dwarf GreenChowghat dwarf YellowMalayan Orange DwarfMalayan Yellow DwarfTall coconut cultivars support through stacking with bamboo so heavy... Beaches as well as in the world water about 800 liters in an interval of time since, in region... Which have good water-holding capacity along with the soil, make a small pit in this browser for transplanted! It have 15 to 20 cm depth and diameter of 3.5 meters cocoa or mango of monsoon uproot the seedlings. For planting seedling varies according to the base or basins of palm requirements be grown up an. Palm by using the sea water nut of coconut husks @ 30 kg to of... And uneven distribution rainfall, regular irrigations are required of proper drainage at same or times! To 20° N latitudes by the coastal and nearby region throughout the year ranging from 175 to! Seeds Information | Profit….. Onion farming production guide & Information for Beginners… Cultivation How.