[18], Cross country running is organized at the state level by the athletics association for each state. Types of Cross Country Skiing . Basically, a cross-country skiers equipment consists of skies, poles & boots. The sport originated in the Scandinavian countries of Northern Europe, although it is practiced in many heavily snow-covered areas around the world today. If a course has a harder surface, spikes as short as 6 millimetres (0.24 in) may be most effective. In this sense, cross-country hiking is similar to cross-country skiing where skiers move across snowy terrain without the use of ski lifts or … Cross-country definition is - extending or moving across a country. If you are just starting out, classic cross-country skiing is quite easy to learn regardless of the snow quality. Cross country running is an individual and team sport for runners who run outdoors over natural terrain that can include grass, hills, and woods. IAAF standard distances for international competition are not less than 12,000 metres (7.5 miles) for men, and 2,000–5,000 metres (1.25–3 miles) for women. Thirty years later the Thames Rowing Club held cross-country runs and races as a winter sport to condition rowers, and in a few years many other clubs were formed throughout England. English championships over the senior distance of 10 miles (16,090 metres) were first held in 1877. The USATF National Club Cross Country Championships, first held in 1998, feature the top clubs from across the United States as they vie for honors and bragging rights as the nation's top cross country team. A period that begins the postseason where conference members oppose each other for the conference title. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some cross-country courses are pancake-flat, but these are the exceptions. [16], Beyond championships, IAAF world cross country meetings include the Great Edinburgh International Cross Country, Cross Internacional de Itálica, Antrim International Cross Country, Cinque Mulini, Nairobi Cross, Chiba International Cross Country, Fukuoka International Cross Country meet, Eurocross and Almond Blossom Cross Country. According to FAR 61.1 (b) (i), you'll also need to use navigation like: Since then, cross-country skiing has evolved so that it can now be enjoyed in a wide variety of forms. An example would be schools near Ouston, County Durham which compete as part of Chester-le-Street & District Primary Cross Country Association. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The course, typically 4–12 kilometres (2.5–7.5 mi) long, may include surfaces of grass, and earth, pass through woodlands and open country, and include hills, flat ground and sometimes gravel road. Geriatrician June McKoy, associate professor of medicine at … [1] The course, typically 4–12 kilometres (2.5–7.5 mi) long, may include surfaces of grass, and earth, pass through woodlands and open country, and include hills, flat ground and sometimes gravel road. [5], Courses for international competitions consist of a loop between 1750 and 2000 meters. Learn more. Your gear needs are modest, as are trail fees, and you can be up and scooting across a pristine winter landscape in no time. … [3], A course at least 5 metres (5.5 yd) full allows competitors to pass others during the race. A cross-country mountain biking race. In … Most important, however, is the training beforehand. During the 1924 race in the Paris heat wave, only 15 of the 38 competitors reached the finish. At the beginning, it is good to know what the abbreviations mean. Its original purpose was to imitate steeplechase for off-season training, and was considered a bit of a joke. 2011 NFHS Track & Field and Cross Country Rules Book. Cross-country sports involve people moving over long distances through the countryside: 2…. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 1. Cross-country definition, directed or proceeding over fields, through woods, etc., rather than on a road or path: a cross-country race. CROSS COUNTRY (XC) RIDING. XC or X-C. adj. But since cross-country skiing is a winter … Cross Country conference championships. The classic technique. The courses used at these events may include grass, mud, woodlands, hills, … In particularly cold conditions, long-sleeved shirts and tights can be worn to retain warmth without losing mobility. In middle school, races are more serious and are divided by grade and gender. Clear markings keep competitors from making wrong turns, and spectators from interfering with the competition. A sport or competition consisting of a cross-country footrace, from two to six miles (1.2-3.7 km), usually between teams of contestants. Athletes complete three to six loops, depending on the race. [26] Men usually race 10 km (6.2 mi) or 8 km (5.0 mi), and women usually race 6 km (3.7 mi) or 5 km (3.1 mi). Cross country riders participate in everything from … [citation needed] The race was about 3.5 miles long, and went through very boggy and hilly terrain. The famous Midlands Club’s Birchfield Harriers won many of these events thereafter. In Cross Country, competitors always run against … Junior men compete on an 8-kilometre course and junior women compete on a 6-kilometre course. Updates? – … In high school, the races are far-reaching and tend to be the main talent pool (especially at the senior level) for university- or national-level runners. Events are held … [22], Cross country running is a far-reaching sport in Canada. Reference: 14 CFR 61.1(b)(3)(i). [5], Because of differences between courses in running surface, frequency and tightness of turns, and amount of up and downhill, cross country strategy does not necessarily simplify to running a steady pace from start to finish. In scoring, the places in which team members finish (e.g., one point for first place, two points for second) are added together, and the team with the lowest total wins. The first women’s international cross-country event was held at Barry, Wales, in 1967. Classic style cross-country skiing is the age old, traditional discipline of Nordic skiing. (Please note: These descriptions are intentionally general. Because of the varying difficulty of courses, world records are not maintained. First off, let‘s limit some possible confusion. You'll need shorts or running pants, shirt, a layer or two if you're headed somewhere high (like mountain trails), a drinking bottle or bladder for water, and some running shoes. Omissions? [25], Most American universities and colleges field men's and women's cross country teams as part of their athletic program. If you are just starting out, classic cross-country … It includes the ACC Cross Country Championships, Big Ten Cross Country Championships, Pac-12 Cross Country Championships. Spike length depends on race conditions, with a muddy course appropriate for spikes as long as 25 millimetres (0.98 in). Outdoor racing dates back millennia, but the … Classic style cross-country skiing is the age old, traditional discipline of Nordic skiing. Additionally, many mountain bike races … While spikes are suitable for grassy, muddy, or other slippery conditions, runners may choose to wear racing flats, rubber-soled racing shoes without spikes, if the course includes significant portions of paved surfaces or dirt road. SAC) in Walnut, California, hosts the largest cross country invitational in the United States, with over 22,000 runners from community colleges, high schools and elementary schools competing. The sport of skinny skis—aka cross-country skiing—is enjoying a renaissance for all sorts of reasons, one of which is how accessible it is to beginners. Now, when you know it you can forget it, as usually everywhere just the three magic letters SNS and NNN are used.Both systems are not compatible. Classic technique: Cross-country skiing technique characterized by opposite-leg and opposite-arm motion in a straight-ahead direction. A cross country rider generally enjoys twisty singletrack, hilly efforts, the occasional jump or rock drop and smaller adrenaline-inducing trail features. In Queensland this Queensland Athletics. [13] José Andía and Edvin Wide were reported dead,[14] and medics spent hours trying to find all the competitors who had blacked out along the course. Through 2010, Kenya has won 40 World Cross Country Championships and Ethiopia has won 23. It is easily recognizable by the diagonal stride technique used, that looks like you’re walking on skis.. Photos of such events can be found here. English schools started competing in cross country races in 1837, and established a national championship on 7 December 1867. If you have SNS ski boots, it will work just with SNS cross-country ski bindings.… Cross-country … In fact, Norway is home to a 4,000-year-old rock carving that clearly shows a man standing … Cross country mountain biking is a popular and least extreme discipline of mountain biking. In 1981 an African nation (Ethiopia) won the men's race for the first time, and a decade later an African nation (Kenya) won the women's race for the first time. Any person who holds a pilot certificate (Anything from a student to an ATP pilot certificate) that flies from one point of takeoff to a different point of landing can log "cross country" flight time. Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics and is a natural-terrain version of long-distance track and road running. Brisbane will host the Australian Masters Nationals Championships,[20] 21–24 April 2011 with the Cross Country hosted by Thompson Estate and Eastern Suburbs Athletics. https://www.britannica.com/sports/cross-country, International Association of Athletics Federations. Cross Country races include many more athletes. Cross Country has one event whereas Track has many An ATP certificate … In addition to crowning national champions, the championships serve as the trials race to select the Team USA squad for the IAAF World Cross Country Championships. This is a runners view of competing in a High School 3 mile cross country race at LeRoy Oakes Forest Preserve. Cross country running can take place over grass, mud, dirt trails, rocky areas, water, hills, etc. From one side of a country to the … Formerly included on the Olympic program, cross-country was dropped after 1924 as not suitable for summer competition. Cross-country definition: Cross-country is the sport of running, riding, or skiing across open countryside rather... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples In addition, whether you run ahead 'of the pack' or behind it and pull ahead in the end is important, but can vary according to the runner's individual skill, endurance, and the length of the race. The number of runners in this event increased from 33 in the first race to 900 in the second half of the 20th century. Runners who do not have a full team are … The English championship became the first national competition in 1876, and the International Cross Country Championships … Since 1973, the foremost elite competition has been the IAAF World Cross Country Championships. This includes products for keeping hands and surfaces clean and sanitized. SAC Cross Country Invitational, FISU World University Cross Country Championships, CISM World Military Cross Country Championships, North America, Central America and Caribbean, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cross_country_running&oldid=995956387, Discontinued Summer Olympic disciplines in athletics, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Wikipedia articles with style issues from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Havitz, Mark E., and Eric D. Zemper, "'Worked Out in Infinite Detail': Michigan State College's Lauren P. Brown and the Origins of the NCAA Cross Country Championships,", This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 19:39. Cross-country, also called cross-country running, long-distance running over open country; unlike the longer marathon race, cross-country races usually are not run along roads or paths. try. In 1962 the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF; later International Association of Athletics Federations) adopted rules governing championship and international cross-country running events both for men and for women. The classic technique. These trails range from fire roads to technical singletrack. The most common footwear are cross country spikes, lightweight racing shoes with a rubber sole and five or more metal spikes screwed into the forefoot part of the sole. The course was not well marked, and many competitors got lost. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Cross Country (abbreviated CC or XC) is a running event in which runners compete to complete a course over open or rough terrain. [2], While a course may include natural or artificial obstacles, cross country courses support continuous running, and do not require climbing over high barriers, through deep ditches, or fighting through the underbrush, as do military-style assault courses. Cross-country hiking basically is hiking where there are no hiking trails. Corrections? Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass. [11] One athlete began to run in tight circles after reaching the stadium and later knocked himself unconscious,[12] while another fainted 50 meters from the finish. Many people think of them as the same sport when in fact, they are both unique in their own distinct ways. Cross-country skiing, which is also known as ski touring, XC skiing or Nordic skiing, has been around for a long time. Courses also commonly include distance markings, usually at each kilometer or each mile. Airline Transport Pilot Certificate Requirements. Many other famous schools followed suit in holding annual cross-country races. How to use cross-country in a sentence. Some cross-country courses are pancake-flat, but these are the exceptions. [23], Primary schools, although more often the juniors, also participate in cross country events and some areas of England have done so since the late 1960s. Track and cross-country … [14] Since 1928, cross country has been contested only as the fifth discipline of the modern pentathlon, and until 2016 it was the only discipline where the Olympic competition was only part of the modern pentathlon. A significant event was the founding of the Crick Run at Rugby School in 1837. Cross-country skiing is a Nordic skiing sport. Called variously "Nordic skiing," "ski touring," "track skiing," … It involves several competitors racing from point to point as fast as they can on trails which … It is easily recognizable by the diagonal stride technique used, that looks like you’re walking on skis.. [19] In the Masters category (over 30), this is organized by Australian Masters Athletics. [4], The course should have 400 to 1,200 m (440 to 1,310 yd) of level terrain before the first turn, to reduce contact and congestion at the start. The USA Cross Country Championships, first held in 1890, include six races: masters women (8 km), masters men (8 km), junior women (6 km), junior men (8 km), open women (8 km) and open men (12 km). San Antonio College (Mt. Cross country is an equivalency sport which means all scholarships are not full scholarships, and coaches may divide the total number of scholarships allotted to them between as many athletes as they wish. Cross-country skiing at Buena Vista ski area in Bemidji Northern Minnesota. It was the first cross country race that was considered "open", or could be run by anyone. [15], Beginning in 1973, the IAAF began hosting the renamed World Cross Country Championships each year. Integral to NASCAR’s founding in the late 1940s was Bill France, an auto…. cross-country meaning: 1. A perfect score is 15 points, with the top five runners occupying the first five finishing positions. It is both an individual and a team sport; runners are judged on individual times and teams by a points-scoring method. https://www.bikestation.org/best-cross-country-mountain-bikes Cross country running is a sport in which teams and individuals run a race on open-air courses over natural terrain such as dirt or grass. (krôs′kŭn′trē, krŏs′-) Abbr. Prepare your gear. In 1907 France first competed in this championship, followed by Belgium in 1924; Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, and Switzerland first competed in 1929; and other countries entered the international competition after World War II. By definition, cross-country time includes any flight conducted by a pilot in an aircraft that includes a landing at a point other than the point of departure that includes the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point. Cross-country skiing, skiing in open country over rolling, hilly terrain as found in Scandinavian countries, where the sport originated as a means of travel as well as recreation and where it remains popular. [5], Every state offers cross country as a high school sport for boys and girls. Track and cross-country share scholarship money which means that they have to divide up the scholarship amounts in both sports between them. We know the two types of riding styles often cross over and that some trail riders compete in cross country events and vice versa.) Ethiopia or Kenya has captured every men's title since 1981 and every women's title since 2001. By definition, cross-country time includes any flight conducted by a pilot in an aircraft that includes a landing at a point other than the point of departure that includes the use of dead reckoning, pilotage, electronic navigation aids, radio aids, or other navigation systems to navigate to the landing point. During the season there is usually one race each week in a different park, generally organized and hosted by one of the participating clubs. Over 440,000 high school students compete in cross country each year, making it the sixth-most popular sport for girls, and seventh most popular for boys. It is both an individual and a team sport; runners are judged on individual times and teams by a points-scoring metho… The English championship became the first national competition in 1876, and the International Cross Country Championships was held for the first time in 1903. [13] Although the reports of deaths were unfounded, spectators were shocked by the attrition rate and Olympic officials decided to ban cross country running from future Games. Cross country is an equivalency sport which means all scholarships are not full scholarships, and coaches may divide the total number of scholarships allotted to them between as many athletes as they wish. … [6][7][8], Cross country running involves very little specialized equipment. Moving or directed across open country rather than following tracks, roads, or runs: a cross-country race. Cross-country hiking basically is hiking where there are no hiking trails. [10], Cross country was contested as a team and individual event at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. The beauty of all types of running is the low level of equipment needed and cross-country running is no different. At the university level, the sport is administered by Canadian Interuniversity Sport. Cross country running is one of the disciplines under the umbrella sport of athletics and is a natural-terrain version of long-distance track and road running. Packing and sanitizing. Some teams emphasize running in a group in order to provide encouragement to others on the team, while others hold that every individual should run his or her own race. The sport of skinny skis—aka cross-country skiing—is enjoying a renaissance for all sorts of reasons, one of which is how accessible it is to beginners. Cross-country, also called cross-country running, long-distance running over open country; unlike the longer marathon race, cross-country races usually are not run along roads or paths. Over 900 men's cross country teams and over 1000 women's cross country teams compete in the three divisions of the National Collegiate Athletic Association. [11] Eight of those were taken away on stretchers. Coaches and cross country runners debate the relative merits of fast starts to get clear of the field, versus steady pacing to maximize physiological efficiency. The USATF National Junior Olympic Cross Country Championships, first held in 2001, has raced for boys and girls in five different two-year age divisions. [24], USA Track & Field (USATF) hosts four annual national cross country championships. Sweden took gold in 1912, and Finland, led by Paavo Nurmi, captured the gold in 1920 and 1924. Cross Country is similar to golf in that the lowest score wins. Most races are run in shorts and vests or singlets, usually in club or school colours. Markings may include tape or ribbon on both sides of the course, chalk or paint on the ground, or cones. International Cross Country Championships, 2010 European Cross Country Championships, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Great Edinburgh International Cross Country, Thompson Estate and Eastern Suburbs Athletics, USATF National Club Cross Country Championships, World Athletics Book of Rules C2.1 - Technical Rules (amended on 31 January 2020), 2011/2012 NCAA Men's and Women's Track & Field and Cross Country Rules, "Paavo Nurmi at the Olympic Games – Paris 1924", "50 stunning Olympic moments No31: Paavo Nurmi wins 5,000m in 1924", USATF Cross Country Championships Media Handbook, Australian Masters Nationals Championships, Thompson Estate Athletics, Brisbane athletics and cross country running club, Thompson Estate Athletics, Brisbane athletics and cross country running club photos, National Federation of State High School Associations, About The Mt. It was held on Wimbledon Common in south-west London. For each technique – classic technique or free technique – different equipment is utilized. Cross-country racing emphasizes endurance above technical prowess, and races vary from 30 minutes to 24 hours in length. cool-down Slow run or jog to loosen muscles after a race to rid … Although open-air running competitions are prehistoric, the rules and traditions of cross country racing emerged in Britain. NASCAR, sanctioning body for stock-car racing in North America, founded in 1948 in Daytona Beach, Fla., and responsible for making stock-car racing a widely popular sport in the United States by the turn of the 21st century. Also called kick and glide, this is the technique primarily associated with cross-country … Outdoor racing dates back millennia, but the rules of contemporary cross country running were first developed in late 19th-century Britain. 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