The name anthotheca was taken from the Greek word anthos, meaning flower, while theca refers to a capsule. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Rich Annonaceae Tree Free areas Abundant Fruit, branches Greendry (Water boiled) Firewood, Medicinal 2 Oganwo Khaya ivorensis A. Chev. Gaertn., Khaya ivorensis A. Distribution: Sierra Leone and Liberia to Gabon. European Journal of Medicinal Plants, ISSN: 2231-0894,Vol. Munyama (Uganda), Acajou d'Afrique (Ivory Coast), Dubini, Dukuma fufu (Ghana), Ogwango (Nigeria). Access to useful plants is a growing problem in Africa, increased by the loss of natural vegetation and the erosion of traditional knowledge. and Asia. African Mahogany. and K. anthotheca. The activity concentration was determined using gamma-ray spectrometry. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. These species are valued for timber, medicinal products and amenity plantings throughout their natural distributions in western, central and eastern Africa (Pennington and Styles 1975; Styles 1981; Nikles et al. is a popular traditional African medicinal plant in this genus that is also cultivated in southern China [4–6]. Want to re-post this article? Common names include African mahogany, dry zone mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, Senegal mahogany, cailcedrat, acajou, djalla, and bois rouge. AVERTISSEMENT. K. anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis and K. senegalensis, are commonly known as the African mahoganies. This study, conducted in the classified forest of Yapo-Abbé and surrounding rural areas and based on ethnobotanical surveys coupled with floristic inventories by the methods of surface surveys, allowed to inventory 47 medicinal species sources of . (Meliaceae) is a genus of eight species mainly distributed in Africa and Madagascar [3]. Khaya ivorensis recorded the highest activity concentration of 238 U and 232 Th while Lippia multiflora recorded the highest activity concentrations of 40 K. The total annual committed effective doses ranged from 0.026±0.001 to 0.042±0.002 mSv a-1 with an average value of 0.035±0.001 mSv a-1. Khaya ivorensis (KI) represents one of the mostly used medicinal/pesticidal plants in Nigeria. It is gratifying that the use of medicinal plants in addressing the health needs of African population is now being supported by a range of stakeholders including policy maker and researchers (Koduru et al., 2007). is a medicinal plant that is widely used to treat various diseases in Nigeria and other West Africa countries. Visit our guidelines.. Khaya A. Juss. For two centuries, these species have all been traded as "African mahogany". African mahogany is a medium-sized tree which can grow up to 15–30 m in height and 1 m in diameter. The World Health Organisation recommended the search for medicinal plants that are effective and beneficial for the treatment of DM (WHO 1985). Chev., Rauvolfia vomitoria, Clausena anisata, Macaranga barteri, Terminalia ivorensis and Afzelia africana. Among them, Khaya ivorensis A. Chev bark, sapwood and heartwood account for the less valorized wood wastes. Medicinal Uses. Khaya ivorensis. Meliaceae Tree Free areas Rare Stem, Branches Bark Dry Firewood, Medicinal 3 Mango Magnifera indica Linn. Parts used Form used Products 1 Eru Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Khaya senegalensis is a species of tree in the Meliaceae family that is native to Africa. Ethnobotany contributes to promote these indigenous knowledge. Khaya ivorensis A. Chev. The Nupes of Niger state of Nigeria especially value the tree for its medicinal uses. Some medicinal plant species are used in combination when boiled with water; these include stem barks of Vitellaria paradoxa C. F. Medicinal plants have also been reported in traditional systems of medicine for the treatment of both human and animal mycoses, and are considered to be a valuable source for the discovery of new antifungal drugs. Species of the Khaya genus produce some of Africa's most valuable timber. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. Its ethanol stem bark extract has shown tissue toxicity, antimalarial and antiinflammatory activities [5]. The effect of local preservatives ‘abafe’ (Piliostigma thonningii) and ‘agehu’ (Khaya ivorensis) leaves on the pasting property of traditional dry-yam (gbodo) was studied. Therefore, an attempt was made to study the chemical variability and thermal stability of tannins extracted from the sapwood and heartwood by the acetone/water method (7:3, v:v); the potential recovery of these polyphenols for industrial applications was also aimed. Khaya ivorensis A.chev Meliaceae Yor Oganwo Igbo Ono Hau Male Rheumatism Bark of mahogany, root of fagara and Xylopia aethiopica dried and pounded together, two spoonful powder would from leaves and petioles was reported by Bergmann and Moon (1997). The oil is used as a culinary flavouring, a scent and medicine. Khaya ivorensis is greatly used as timber and little is known about its extracts especially the essential oil of the seed. Khaya anthotheca, with the common name East African mahogany, is a large tree species in the Meliaceae family, native to tropical Africa.. - Die PfianzenstofJe. 2008). - The medicinal and poisonous plants of Southern Africa. BRANDWIJK. Khaya ivorensis (KI) represents one of the mostly used medicinal/pesticidal plants in Nigeria. During the production of dry-yam, yams were treated with varied quantities of fresh and dried leaves, used singly and or combined form respectively while the untreated yam served as the control. Juss., K. grandifoliola C. DC. 1929. Nigerian Herbs And Their Uses - List Of Medicinal Plants In Nigeria And Their Uses Nigeria is blessed with abundant medicinal plants that can be used to treat all kinds of infections and diseases. The predominant NTFPs morphological type is the tree (85%). Family: Meliaceae. : 3, Issue. The stem bark extract is used for treating jaundice, malaria, dermatoses and hookworm infections Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) Livingstone, édit., Edinburgh 1932. Khaya provides a Below are some of the more popular, cultivated plants and trees and fruits grown in the Philippines. References. Table 1: Some medicinal stem barks and ethnomedicinal uses among people in the South-western Nigeria S/N Scientific Name Families Local Names Ailments Preparation 1. Flora of the Philippines Index. While investigations into its chemical compositions and biological activity have been severally reported, little is known about the elementology, fastness and fungicidal performance of KI parts on wood. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Such plants included Khaya ivorensis A. Check for more information on the species: African Plants Database: Names, synonymy and distribution: Global Plant Initiative Chev., and Pseudocederela kotshyi (Schweinf). Khaya ivorensis (KI) represents one of the mostly used medicinal/pesticidal plants in Nigeria. Harms. The use of medicinal plants constitutes an important part of traditional medicine which is a part of African heritage. The total annual committed effective doses ranged from 0.026±0.001 to 0.042±0.002 mSv a-1 with an average value of 0.035±0.001 mSv a-1. It belongs to the family Meliaceae (mahogany family). Other Common Names: Often further classified as to port of shipment or country of origin; consignments to U.S. trade mostly K. ivorensis. The flowers are fragrant and bright yellow; borne in long, lax racemes, 12 to 20 inches long. medicinal use. Youssef (1994) reported that cytokinin and auxins affect the proliferation and regeneration rate of tree species in vitro . Natural radioactivity levels in some selected medicinal plants commonly used in Ghana from the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine were investigated to determine the activity concentration and the annual committed effective dose due to naturally occurring radionuclides of 238U, 232Th and 40K. : 3 (July-September) Original-research-article. It is known by a number of other common names, including Nyasaland, red or white mahogany.Oos-Afrikaanse mahonie is the Afrikaans name and … Pranati Nayak et al . WEITTŒR (C.). & Perr., Description. fruits and roots of Morinda citrifolia L., roots and fruits of S. jollyanum Pierre, stem barks of Detarium microcarpum Guill. A tea made from the leaves of West Indian lemon grass has been used to treat fevers, colds and upset stomachs (Hatch, 1995). Abstract: Khaya belongs to the family Meliaceae.In Nigeria the genus is represented by three species viz; K. senegalensis A. Khaya ivorensis recorded the highest activity concentration of 238U and 232Th while Lippia multiflora recorded the highest activity concentrations of 40K. and K. ivorensis A. Chev. In vitro propagation of Paulownia spp. In vivo Efficacy and Toxicity Studies on Erythrina senegalensis and Khaya ivorensis Used as Herbal Remedies for Malaria Prevention in Cameroon . Many books have also reported and recorded the use of medicinal plants in the traditional system of medicine. Traditional herbal medicine is widely used by the local population in Nigeria to treat numerous health conditions. Khaya ivorensis, another member of the Meliaceae (Mathias 1988; Newton et al., 1994). China and India (Odugbemi, 2006). Despite the large diversity of ethnic groups in Côte d’Ivoire, few ethnomedicine researches have targeted these groups. On the African continent, four different but morphologically similar species are now recognised: Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis and K. senegalensis. The below table documents the medicinal values, local names, method of preparation, dosage forms and parts of common medicinal plants sold in some markets in Abeokuta, Nigeria. 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